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Episode 69 Jo Godden of RubyMoon – circular fibres for activewear

Circular Economy Podcast Episode 69 Jo Godden of RubyMoon - circular fibres for activewear

IT’S EPISODE 69, and I’m talking to Jo Godden of RubyMoon. Jo was one of my first podcast guests, and now she is back to tell us about an exciting new project to create properly recycled textiles to close the loop on active wear.

RubyMoon, based in Brighton in the UK, is already using recycled fibres from Ocean Plastics to make its active wear products, and now wants to go further through research projects that overcome the technical challenges of recovering and recycling the kind of textiles commonly used in swimwear.

Jo explains that this project focuses on two key fabric elements, Nylon 6 – a strong, durable polyamide, and Elastane, that makes the fabric stretchy so it fits well and supports activites like swimming and other sports.

The challenge is how to find mechanical and chemical methods of breaking down polyamide elastane, that are both cost-effective and environmentally sound.

There’s a second ambitious project too, developing a nano trace to embed into the material so that it can be identified and recovered, to make sure it goes back into the closed loop system.

Podcast host Catherine Weetman is a circular economy business advisor, workshop facilitator, speaker and writer.  Her award-winning book: A Circular Economy Handbook: How to Build a More Resilient, Competitive and Sustainable Business includes lots of practical examples and tips on getting started.  Catherine founded Rethink Global in 2013, to help businesses use circular, sustainable approaches to build a better business (and a better world).

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Read on for a summary of the podcast and links to the people, organisations and other resources we mention.

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About Jo Godden

Jo Godden of RubyMoonJo Godden is an ethical swimwear and activewear specialist, mother and activist. 

After 25 years working in the unsustainable fashion industry, Jo decided to be part of the solution. In 2010 she founded RubyMoon which combines the industry’s substantial potential to positively impact the social and environmental state of our planet, with the knowledge that women and innovation are key to a better future.

RubyMoon created a ‘Circle Of Impact’ long before the term ‘circular economy’ was used- and is now spearheading R&D initiatives into synthetic textile upcycling in order to ‘close the loop’ on used swim and activewear,

Jo is committed to activate women’s potential and elevate their status in communities where they often don’t have a voice. Investing in microfinance enables females to drive development and progress. 

Jo is a natural ‘connector’ and a mentor for social enterprises and creative individuals who want to make their mark on the world. 

Interview Transcript

Provided by AI – deduct ~45 secs for the finished episode

Catherine Weetman  03:04

Jo Godden is an ethical swimwear and active wear specialist mother and activist. After 25 years working in the unsustainable fashion industry, Jo decided to be part of the solution in 2010, believing that women and innovation are the keys to a better future, she founded Ruby Moon to improve the social and environmental state of our planet. Ruby Moon created its circle of impact, and is now spearheading r&d initiatives into synthetic type textile upcycling. In order to close a loop on used swim and active wear. Jo is committed to activate women’s potential and elevate their status in communities where they don’t often have a voice, including investing in microphones that enables females to drive development and progress. Jo is a natural connector, and a mentor for social enterprises and creative individuals who want to make their mark on the world. Jo, welcome back to the circular economy podcast.

Jo Godden  04:04

Thank you. Nice to be here.

Catherine Weetman  04:06

Yeah, it’s great to see you again. And for those who didn’t catch our discussion way back in episode four. Could you start by giving us a quick overview of RubyMoon, and how it’s evolved over the last couple of years?

Jo Godden  04:19

Yeah, certainly. So we’re still engaged with our circle of impact. That’s the barometer we use to measure how we’re doing every year. We’ve still investing heavily all our profits into women entrepreneurs. So we’ve moved closer to 2500 women now rather than 2000 or less that we had when I spoke to you two years ago. And actually during COVID, it gave us time to sit down, and think about how we could actually become even more circular. So we developed a membership plan during that time. And also, we have continued on our r&d, which is what I’d like to talk to you about today. So, since we last spoke, which was I think, about two years ago, 200 billion garments have been manufactured around the world. That’s an incredible amount of textiles, virgin production of textiles. And we have been motivated to focus a lot of our time now on closing the loop on material waste, particularly textiles. And in November, we are starting our new r&d programmes with Queen Mary’s University London and Leeds University.

Catherine Weetman  06:23

Right, that sounds interesting, and we’re going to dig into that in more detail. But for those who didn’t hear the first episode, can you explain a bit more about the textile fibres you currently use? Because you’re using fibres from ocean plastics and so on? And the issues with with those fibres, and the other fibres used in the wider swimwear industry? So to kind of tell us a bit more about what what’s in our clothes, or not, not clothes, generally, but swimwear?

Jo Godden  06:54

Sure, so as listeners may or may not know, swimwear, inactive wear is generally made from synthetic fibres. And the reason for that is they do not retain water. So it’s very important that either your sweat, or the actual water that you’re swimming in isn’t retained in the garment. Otherwise, you would be heavily weighted down with that material as you exercise or swim. And we use nylon six. So that’s polyamide yarn made from fishing nets, and carpets and other nylon waste. So polyamide is typically called nylon. And one of those is called nylon six. It was developed actually, as a substitute for silk during the Second World War, because it was difficult to get silk and they needed something to make parachutes from. So that’s the origin of nylon. And it’s really fantastically strong material as you can imagine, to be used for parachutes, etc. Now, all fabric, as I mentioned, our our our material is already recycled, was actually upcycled is the correct term. And we want to keep that material in the system as long as possible, because as I mentioned, it’s really strong and completely fit for purpose. Now, the problem with it, although it’s not really a problem, the search is that it does not biodegrade. In other words, it never breaks down. It’s a polymer, so technically a plastic. But if we think about the important aspects of the circular economy, it’s all about durability, and rewear. So those are the fundamentals of the circular Circular Economy feet, thinking. Now I’m not a chemist, but my understanding is that the amide part of the polyamide in the you know, the chemical chain, or the polymer chain is what gives it strength and why it’s so important to retain. The only problem is that we do not currently have the system in place to upcycle the material in the quantities that we need at scale. So therefore right now, all of those Swim, swim wear pieces and active wear pieces that are currently in use. They have to be disposed off their back typically that’s being buried or burnt, or unethically exported overseas.

Catherine Weetman  09:45

Wow. So it’s not even going into mixed textile recycling them.

Jo Godden  09:50

No. Wow. And in the UK, that’s 120,000 tonnes of polyamide a year. And that’s not even counting the other synthetics, including polyester, which is about four or five times as big.

Catherine Weetman  10:05

So you might not know the answer to this. But the first problem I’m seeing is, How on earth does that all get extracted from mix, textile recycling? Or doesn’t it really,

Jo Godden  10:19

we don’t have that system in place to make the most of recapturing this fat, these valuable resources.

Catherine Weetman  10:25

So basically, anything that might have polyamide in, or probably the other synthetics as well just ends up being classed as contaminated and unfit for textile recycling in the UK. And therefore is is either burnt or exported to somebody else who may or may not have the capabilities to do something with it. Wow,

Jo Godden  10:51

that’s exactly right. There are small scale, sort of using textiles, for filling materials of mattresses and things, but that’s very small scale. It’s not nothing’s being done on a proper industrial scale. And that’s not just in UK, but that’s globally. So as you can see, this is a really important initiative that we’ve got to get our heads around.

Catherine Weetman  11:16

So really the thinking about those mattress fillers and things like that, I’m guessing that’s more repurposing, so shredding and reusing the intact fibres not creating a new fibre for a new textile. So it’s

Jo Godden  11:33

absolutely okay. And that’s the holy grail of textile is how do we get those materials back into the system? Right, the most environmental and an economic way?

Catherine Weetman  11:46

Yeah, to keep them in, in use. Okay, so that brings us on to your exciting research and development project when so pick up, pick up that story for us and tell us what you’ve been doing over the last couple of years.

Jo Godden  12:03

So we’ve started our very first research and development project back in well, it’s only 2020. But it seems a long time ago now in order to break down nylon six, and the elastane part of stretch swimwear. Now the last name portion is the bit that bit that makes it stretch and fits you so wonderfully. But that’s what we have to remove in order to get back that strong polyamide material. And we’re doing that at Leeds University with a wonderful sustainable textile department. And the object is to find green methods to mechanically and chemically break down polyamide elastane it’s a challenge because it has as I mentioned earlier has to be cost efficient in both economic and environmental ways. And that is really the crux or challenge with circular economy initiatives. We have to redesign the system to make it cost efficient to reuse those valuable resources. So that’s the first project and that’s the first challenge. And the second piece of r&d is our work with Queen Mary’s University London, where we are starting to integrate nanoparticles into back into the polyamide fibre when when it’s responsibly extruded, to make it even stronger than it is as a recycled product. And we’re also looking to give or improve the thermal capacity of that material. The reason being is we want to keep swimmers warmer in cold water. So we want to make a superior material rather than just an A, a nylon, another nylon lycra fabric we wanted to have added benefits. And these are what we call smart textiles. And this is the way that we are moving forward not just in the recycling world also adding value making a high value product from low value waste.

Catherine Weetman  14:21

Yeah, and I can see because we read Don’t worry about the growing number of people who are seeing the benefits of cold water swimming and that’s increased during the lockdown. There’s a group near here that swim in the in the river Swale which is the fastest rising river in the UK because of the size of the of the watershed that that goes into it. I have not dipped my toe in. Well, I have I have paddled in the swale but I’ve certainly not swimming it. But I have been having one thing I started at the beginning of lockdown that I’ve been heard about on the TV was cold showers. So I’ve been doing that since the beginning of lockdown enough. And I’ve stuck with it. And I’ve managed, you know, all through one winter. And now Now we’re heading into the second one. But that feels a lot easier than then cold water swimming. But yeah, I can see I can see the, the benefits of of thermal properties for for swimwear. And you you, you talked about the Leeds University project, and you said it was a combination of mechanical and I missed what the second bit was, was mechanical and chemical recycling. Yes, yeah. Okay. So there must be some challenges around that. Because, you know, we read things about plastics recycling, particularly involving either paralysis or chemical recycling, whereby the inputs end up being nearly as bad as making the polymer or whatever in the first place. Have you been able to, to resolve some of those challenges?

Jo Godden  16:08

Not yet. That’s why we’re currently on part two of our r&d. We came across some challenges in part one, which is last year. So as you mentioned, in terms of resources, whether that’s economic or or chemical, we have to be sure that there’s the methods we’re using are greener and less less of a cost to the environment. I mean, people have broken down polyamides with elastane before, it’s not impossible, but if you’re using chemicals that then themselves are either too expensive, or are creating a byproduct that cannot then be reused, then that’s really defeating the whole object of what you’re trying to achieve. So what we’re looking at is green materials, which, obviously, there’s a lot more coming onto the market now. So we’re using new technology to be able to, to look at those, but we are going to be using some some chemicals as well that are not green, but we can be reused them over and over again. So, you know, we’re going to be doing some analysis of what’s the best way to best chemicals to use for this process.

Catherine Weetman  17:35

And I think there’s quite a lot happening in terms of chemical recycling, recycling. I know, there’s an EU project that’s been going for probably more than five years now called chemical leasing, with some big chemical companies involved in that. And they basically leased the performance of the chemicals to the user. And then the chemicals along with all the the wastes and residuals that are that are now contained in that go back to the chemical company, they clean it up, they might be able to even create valuable byproducts out of the impurities and get and then get it back into the system. So these kinds of closed loop systems can work really well. With value added for everybody in the in the process.

Jo Godden  18:24

Yeah, absolutely. I mean, technology, although it’s not, you know, the, the be all or end all of circular economy is a valuable, a valuable way to accelerate. You know, circular economy systems, really. And that itself is a circular economy system that’s been created. So yeah, absolutely wonderful, isn’t it?

Catherine Weetman  18:52

Yeah. I mean, if everything goes back to the producer, then it’s in their interests to make sure that they can get value out of it. Again, there’s no point in them recovering their original materials, and then having to dispose of it, because that just costs them money. Yes. So yeah, these kinds of partnerships can be really valuable. And have there been any, you know, big challenges that you can you can share along the way?

Jo Godden  19:24

Yeah, so we had a problem even with the mechanical side of pulling apart the textiles in the first place. Everything has been developed, in that sense for more traditional fibres such as wool and cotton. And so we are now developing our own mechanical machine for putting apart fibres that are synthetic because they need extra. It’s a different kind of machinery that we need because we’ve found that the synthetics were either melting against machinery, or they were getting caught up because of their different construction. So this is, you know, a huge learning process. And, you know, lots of people around the world working on this, it’s not just us. But you wouldn’t think that it will be different machinery, but it definitely is.

Catherine Weetman  20:28

Yeah. And I guess there are all sorts of learnings for the university teams there in terms of transference to other public policy.

Jo Godden  20:38

And actually, we’re working with one of our partners is a wall recycler. So he is looking, working with us, because not only does he you know, is the future about recycling wall or synthetics. It’s about recycling old textiles. So the machinery learning we’re doing at Leeds now is transferable again, across all textiles. And we wanted to develop a machine that we can use for different textiles. Because in the future, we’ve got our eye on creating circular textile hub.

Catherine Weetman  21:12

Right? Fantastic. Yeah. I’m just thinking about the some of the projects set up by UK Research and Investment, the circular economy hubs that they’ve got going. I can’t remember who, which, which consortium of universities won the textile hub? But yeah, maybe it’s maybe it’s all part of that there’s lots of stuff suddenly going on in that space, which is great. Yes. So in terms of moving from the research and development phase into production? Is that something that you’ve already got kind of planned and underway, or is that is that for later on in the project?

Jo Godden  21:55

Well, we are starting to work on that now. Again, taking it from lab to production as a further challenge. So we need the right manufacturing partners, when the time is ready. There are a number of trials to complete before we bring that superior product to market. And one of the things that’s really important to us is we’re going to be adding a nano trace as well, to the material so that it can be brought back into our system after after use. So that’s really important. And I mentioned earlier, that we’re also looking to raise investment, for this larger circular textile hub, where all techs at all kinds of textiles can be sorted and re processed. And, you know, that’s a huge opportunity as well, because it will create rewarding jobs and economic and social benefit. And it’s something we have to do, whether we want to or not, it’s the future of textiles. So we need to jump on it as soon as possible.

Catherine Weetman  23:10

Yeah, it’s one of one of the big, wicked problems that need solving isn’t it is how to get all this stuff back into the system. And being able to be used for the same product not down cycled into, you know, filling for car seats, and which we need less of anyway. But just just coming back, you used used a bit of jargon there, nano tracing, which I can guess what that is, but it’d be it’d be better if you can explain that a bit for for me and the listeners.

Jo Godden  23:42

So right now, there’s a drive for transparency, to know what’s in our our textiles, not just from where their source or how their souls, but what actually are they made of, because that is crucial for future recycling.

Catherine Weetman  24:01

So, are we talking just the fibres i The polyamide and the elet elastane or are we talking all the dyes and coatings and everything that goes into the fabric.

Jo Godden  24:13

So, we will put a nano trace. So a nanoparticle will actually go into the fibre that will be able to be read from by a scanner. And it will have a digital the digital information about what is in that fibre, as you say from the dyestuffs right down to the chemical constituents, because we need to have that information to be able to remix it back in the future into a new fibre. What’s happening? The challenge we’ve had and experienced already is that people cut out their labels. Not only that, we’ve had many instances of imported goods, not being labelled correctly So this makes it an added challenge to make sure that the fibres that we’re going to be putting into our recycled material are actually what they say they are. Because we don’t want to pollute our fabulous polyamide, six, strong mix with anything else. We don’t want polyester in it, we don’t want anything that could lower the strength or contaminate it.

Catherine Weetman  25:27

Yeah, and that brings us back to the challenge of the recycling in the first place, doesn’t it that the, the risk of contamination and the difficulty of dealing with with mixed batches of fibres, so

Jo Godden  25:40

and that no, no choice also means that we could potentially develop product as a service initiatives, so that you would be leasing your garment for a specific length of time, and we will take it back from you, because we know, we’ve got somewhere for it to go.

Catherine Weetman  26:02

Hmm. And that fits with something Professor Walter Stahel was, was talking to me about a few months ago, we were doing something for UNESCO. And we were talking about the difficulty of resources coming from the Global South, and going into products that were then used in the Global North and maybe then thrown away or, you know, shipped into mixed recycling, that never never goes back to anything useful. And he was talking about the concept of renting molecules, and how, you know, countries in, say, Africa with very valuable minerals, and so on, if they could come up with the concept of renting the molecules out to the users of those materials. So the ownership always stayed with them, then that could provide long term income instead of them, you know, selling the the materials at a very low value, because the value gets added when it’s made into a product. So there’s some really intriguing concepts there isn’t, they’ll be really interesting to look back in 100 years time, and see how much of this has become just normalised but some transformational stuff. So is that part of the the textile herb kind of r&d Anyway? Or is this is the Nano tracing? Is that something that’s emerging across the industry?

Jo Godden  27:34

What’s emerging across the industry is lots of printing onto garments, the actual, the transparency, details of where it’s made, how its how it’s made, what it’s made from, and there is regular drive for regulation on that side now, so that customers can have complete transparency. Yeah, it’s it’s just a really important way also of driving out modern slavery issues, if you can trace the fabric on its journey. And also know how much carbon is in that garment. Because, as you know, that’s one of the biggest challenges we have is the backwards and forwards of all the different components in a garment. And being able to trace that.

Catherine Weetman  28:29

Yeah, there’s some really big challenges there. But it’s, you know, people are really wanting to know, what’s in this this thing that I’m wearing and who made it and where they paid a living wage, and it’s becoming more important to many more people, particularly the younger generations.

Jo Godden  28:49

Absolutely, yes. Yeah.

Catherine Weetman  28:51

And so looking back on the last the last couple of years, Joe, with all the challenges of, of COVID. And these r&d projects, is there a lesson learned that you’d like to share with people facing, you know, maybe embarking on similar circular innovation projects?

Jo Godden  29:13

I would say that because going circular, is a massive systems change. People are always going to have to collaborate on this. You’re always going to have to find the right partners to work with you. You know, particularly if you’re a startup or a small brand, like we are. I mean, sometimes I get imposter syndrome, because I actually don’t know really, I don’t know anything about chemistry. I didn’t do I didn’t study chemistry to any great length, and now I wish I had but the challenge is also you know, finding the right partners. But you can do it however small you are even if you’re an admin Individual you can, you know, get together with the right people and really design a wonderful, wonderful Circular Economy project. The other challenge is cost funding. You know, Britain is one of the most wasteful countries in the world concerning textiles, I think we’re only second to the US in terms of fast fashion, a lot of fast fashion. So we have huge problems here. But we are starting to see some initiatives like the one you mentioned earlier. But for instance, the EU has already recognise that the circular economy is the future and are driving practical steps right now to maintain its status as the leading textile innovator. They are already implementing something called rehabs, which is what kind of what we would like to do, centred specifically on textiles, you know, collaborations of more than 20 companies, from recyclers to brands to textile companies. And this is really the secret of what is going to drive circular economy. It’s, it’s these collaborations for complete system change.

Catherine Weetman  31:17

Yeah, I think you’re absolutely right, that, you know, because these challenges are so complex, and affect so many different companies, collaborations got to be the way forward otherwise, everybody has to invest an awful lot of money. And maybe 80, or 90% of those solutions aren’t going to be the ones that that win through in terms of their effect, cost effectiveness and and practicalities. So it makes makes much more sense for people to get together and, and, you know, find a solution that works for the good of everybody. So yeah, I am. Those, those are great, great lessons learned that you shared. Thanks, Joe. And which of your values do you think helps move us towards the better world that we’re all aiming for? And would you like to share that? With everyone?

Jo Godden  32:11

Yeah, so I think, really, my personal values and those of Ruby moon are very much aligned. You know, we do have to just drive a more equitable society, somehow, you know, where people do have more meaningful and fairly paid work. And also create value, valuable products, so create clothing with value that can be enjoyed by everyone. We really need to stop this culture of disposability. Whether that’s, you know, people or products. There’s huge potential with the circular economy as you as you know, to bring back reshoring and industry into the northern hemisphere countries. And I really feel that, you know, we know this is the future. So let’s create it now.

Catherine Weetman  33:13

Yeah, look, let’s not wait to be pushed, or even to lose out, you know, listening to what you were saying about the EU, and therefore we’re thinking on rehabs and all that kind of stuff, then any country that’s not pushing forward on that is going to lose out because those countries that are more forward thinking will end up with the with the technology and the capabilities to become specialists. So yes, it’s it’s really frustrating being in a country that is starting to talk a bit about the circular economy, but it’s not really walking the talk. And is there isn’t an example of the circular economy that you’d like to share as, as, you know, a favourite of yours.

Jo Godden  33:58

And one favourite is Mud Jeans. They’ve really pioneered jeans production in Amsterdam in terms of leasing jeans. So instead of having a project that you own, you lease them and have them replaced. So they’re driving circular economy in that sense. So yes, that that would be my proposal.

Catherine Weetman  34:24

Yeah. Great. And I think Mud Jeans is is a great example. So I’ll find a link to them and put that in the show notes. Thank you, Jo. And how can people find out more and get in touch with you, Jo, and with Ruby moon and find out more about about what you do.

Jo Godden  34:40

So our website is Ruby moon.org.uk. We normally update about what we’re doing on our research and development on our blog as much as we possibly can. And we’d like to hear from anyone who is interested in this and potentially any other collaborators because as I mentioned early, earlier week, we know we’re not in this alone. It’s it’s a movement, and it’s a new system change.

Catherine Weetman  35:11

And, you know, stronger and faster together is good.

Jo Godden  35:16

Love that. Yeah, that’s great.

Catherine Weetman  35:19

So well, I look forward to hearing more. And, you know, finding out when this is going into production, and when people can actually buy Ruby Moon garments with the recycled polyamide and elastane in I think that’d be a really exciting breakthrough moment. So please do let us know about that. And we’ll we’ll share it with everyone. So Jo, thanks very much for updating us and yeah, good luck with the rest of the project.

Jo Godden  35:47

Thank you so much, and thanks for your support.

Want to find out more about the circular economy?

If you’d like to learn more about the circular economy and how it could help your business, why not listen to Episode 1, or read our guide: What is the Circular Economy

To go deeper, you could buy Catherine’s book, A Circular Economy Handbook: How to Build a More Resilient, Competitive and Sustainable Business. This comprehensive guide uses a bottom-up, practical approach, and includes hundreds of real examples from around the world, to help you really ‘get’ the circular economy.  Even better, you’ll be inspired with ideas to make your own business more competitive, resilient and sustainable. 

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Podcast music

Thanks to Belinda O’Hooley and Heidi Tidow, otherwise known as the brilliant, inventive and generous folk duo, O’Hooley & Tidow for allowing me to use the instrumentals from the live version of Summat’s Brewin’ as music for the podcast. You can find the whole track (inspired by the Copper Family song “Oh Good Ale”) on their album, also called Summat’s Brewin’.  Or, follow them on Twitter.

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